Drugs used in the Goat Industry

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Please note that most drugs used in the goat industry are used Off-Label and Extra-Label.
A good relationship with your vet is a must please donít overlook this important step.

Antibiotics


To control: anaphylactoid shock
Brand Name: Eprinephrine 1:1000
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal:
Indications: To treat anaphylactic shock
Dosage: 1 ml per 100 lbs. injected SQ
Goat Notes: Symptoms of anaphylactic shock include glassy eyes, rapid respiration, increased salivation, grinding teeth, staggering gait, tremors, and collapse. Always keep Epinephrine on hand, if a goat goes into anaphylactic shock you don't have but a couple of minutes to administer Epinephrine. Goats are specifically sensitive to penicillin injections. Usually anaphylactic symptoms are seen during the fourth of subsequent injections. Store in a cool dark place (refrigerate), do not use if product has turned brown or contains a precipitate.


Brand Name: Baytril
Active Ingredient(s): Fluoroquinolone enrofloxacin
Availability: veterinary prescription
Withdrawal: 28 days before slaughter
Indications: FDA approved use -treatment of Pasteurella hemolytic, Pasteurella multocida, and Haemophilus somas - bovine respiratory disease (BRD).
Dosage: Administer SQ Single-dose therapy (3.4 to 5.7 ml/100lb), multiple-day therapy (1.1 to 2.3ml/100lb) repeats at 24 hr intervals for three days. If animals still show symptoms continue treatment for days 4 and 5. Not approved for extra label use in food animals.
Goat Notes: Baytril is not recommended for goats, other products such as Nuflor are more effective and show fewer side effects.


Brand Name: Exenel
Active Ingredient(s): Ceftiofur hydrochloride sterile suspension
Availability: veterinary prescription
Withdrawal: none
Indications: moderately effective against gram-positive but a wide variety gram-negative organisms including Pseudomonas, meningitis and Pasteurella.
Dosage: 1 ml (50mg/ml) per 22-37 lbs. body weight; repeat every 24 hours for three days
Goat Notes: Use at 1 ml per 25lbs IM for three days. Do not use in animals suspected of renal failure.


Brand Name: Gentamicin
Active Ingredient(s): Gentamicin Sulfate
Availability: veterinarian prescription
Withdrawal: Not approved for food animals
Indications: Broad spectrum antibiotic effective on many gram negative and gram positive bacteria including, chlaymidia, E. Coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Dosage: 100mg/100lb IM - give 1cc per 100lbs with 100mg/ml solution
Goat Notes: Give weight appropriate dose IM, can be used in conjunction with penicillin


Brand Name: LA 200
Active Ingredient(s): Oxytetracycline
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 28 days before slaughter
Indications: approved in cattle for treatment of pneumonia, shipping fever, foot rot, E. Coli scours, and infectious pink eye
Dosage: 3-5mg/1lb daily IM or IV
Goat Notes: Commonly used for pink eye and minor respiratory infections - can be given orally, but tends to destroy micro-flora in rumens. Sensitive to sunlight - store in cool dark place.


Brand Name: Tetrasol Soluble Powder
Active Ingredient(s): Tetracycline
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 5 days before slaughter
Indications: Use for control and treatment of mycoplasmas and chlamydia bacteria.
Dosage: 5 -10 mg per 1 lb.
Goat Notes: Available in water soluble powder and crumbles to be added to feed.


Brand Name: Naxcel
Active Ingredient(s): Ceftiofur Sodium
Availability: veterinarian prescription
Withdrawal: none
Indications: treatment of pneumonia associated with Pasteurella or other gram-negative bacteria.
Dosage: 0.5-1.0mg/lb IM (1-2ml per 100lbs)
Goat Notes: Give weight appropriate dose. No withdrawal on slaughter animals, quite effective on gram negative bacteria. Short shelf life once reconstituted (must be refrigerated), may be drawn up in individual doses and kept in freezer.


Brand Name: Nuflor
Active Ingredient(s): Florfenicol
Availability: veterinarian prescription
Withdrawal: 28 days before slaughter if given IM
Indications: Approved for use in cattle. Very broad-spectrum antibiotic that is effective against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, along with sever anaerobes. Nuflor is effective against bacterial pneumonia's such Haemophilus somnus, Pasteurella multocida, Pasteurella haemolytica, Salmonella, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Dosage: 3ml/100lbs IM
Goat Notes: Can also be given at a one time dose of 6ml/100 lbs. SQ.


Brand Name: Penicillin
Active Ingredient(s): Procaine Penicillin G
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 8 days before slaughter; 48hr. milk discard
Indications: Penicillin is effective against local and systematic infections such as Streptococcus, Clostridium, Staphylococcus, and Salmonella. Also it is very effective against anaerobic organisms. Can be given IM, SQ, PO, as a mammary infusion, and topically.
Dosage: 5,000-15,000IU/1lb
Goat Notes: Effective on gram positive and limited gram negative bacteria. Goats require larger doses than other animals. Adult goats should receive an initial dose of 10cc and follow up doses of 7-8cc. Never give more than 5cc in each injection site. Can be given IM, SQ (most preferred method) or PO.


Brand Name: Pen BP-48
Active Ingredient(s): Penicillin G benzathine & Penicillin G Procaine
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 30 days before slaughter
Indications: FDA approved for gram positive bacterial infections and black leg (Clostridium Chauvoei) in cattle.
Dosage: 2ml/150lbs body weight - IM or SQ
Goat Notes: 5cc-10cc for adult goats (5cc IM; rest SQ)


Brand Name: Sulmet
Active Ingredient(s): sulfamethazine
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 10 days before slaughter
Indications: Bacterial pneumonia, E.Coli, Diphtheria, mastitis, and coccidiosis. May use soluble powder, constitute per package instruction and give 15cc orally.
Dosage:
Goat Notes: Dose orally or mix with drinking water, first dose is double the following four doses. Sulfamethazine is available in bolus, liquid, and soluble powder. Do not give with penicillin.


Brand Name: Albon, Di-Methox Soluble Powder
Active Ingredient(s): sulferdimethox
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 10 days before slaughter
Indications: Sulferdimethox is effective against Bacterial pneumonia, E.Coli, Diphtheria, mastitis, and coccidiosis. May use soluble powder, constitute per package instruction and give 15cc orally.
Dosage: can be drenched or mixed with drinking water for self-medicating.
Goat Notes: Available in liquid and soluble powder form. Albon is also available in injectable form. It is very effective for coccidia and certain types of mastitis. Can also be added to milk replacer to treat kids. Good management for freshly castrated kids. Do not give with penicillin.


Brand Name: Spectam Scour-Halt
Active Ingredient(s): Spectinomycin
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 21 days before slaughter
Indications: To treat scours due to coccidia, E. Coli and bacterial scours
Dosage: 50 mg per 10 lbs (50mg per ml)
Goat Notes: Effective on most forms of scours.


Brand Name: Tylan 50 & Tylan 200
Active Ingredient(s): tylosin
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 21 days before slaughter for cattle; 14 days before slaughter for swine
Indications: Treat bovine respiratory complex, foot rot, and diphtheria in cattle
Dosage: 8mg per lb (1cc per 25 for Tylan 200) daily to continue 24 hours after symptoms are gone. Treatment not to exceed 5 days. Do not inject more than 10cc per site.
Goat Notes: Not one of the most antibiotics for goats, but has shown success lately given PO for respiratory tract infections due to dusty or allergic conditions.

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Anti-Inflamitory


Brand Name: Banimine
Active Ingredient(s): flunixin meglumine
Availability: veterinarian prescription
Withdrawal: 4 days before slaughter for cattle
Indications: Analgesic to relieve pain associated with internal or external discomfort.
Dosage: 1 cc per 100 lbs
Goat Notes: Use weight appropriate dose. Banimine is very effective and tends to make the animal feel better, and enhances appetite, thus recovering faster. It is effective treatment of respiratory pneumonia when used in combination with large doses of penicillin.


Brand Name: Dexamethasone
Active Ingredient(s): dexamethazone (2mg per ml)
Availability: veterinarian prescription
Withdrawal: days before slaughter
Indications:
Dosage: 1 to 2 mg per 100 lbs.
Goat Notes: Dexamethasone is effective in treatment of listeriosis along with penicillin. Use in any indication of brain damage (over heated disbudding iron), or used to relieve congestion in udders due to mastitis. Use sparingly Dexamethasone is a steroid and over use will cause a decrease in the immune systems ability to function. Also can be used to induce labor, doesn't cause quite as hard labor as inducing with Estramate or Lutylace, also will help development of lung tissue if the kids are premature. Give PO to premature newborns to stimulate lung function.


Brand Name: Phenylbutazone
Active Ingredient(s): phenylbutazone
Availability: veterinarian prescription
Withdrawal: days before slaughter
Indications: anti-inflamitory
Dosage: 10-25mg per 10 lbs IV, or 20-40mg per 10 lbs PO
Goat Notes: Injectable must be given IV, but available in paste and pill form. Bute, given over an extended period of time is extremely irritating to GI tract.


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Nutritional and Metabolic Supplements


Active Ingredient(s): Magic
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 0 days before slaughter for cattle
Goat Notes: Use for treatment of early stages of ketosis - give 20cc 3 - 4 times daily. Can also be given to animals that are stressed, dehydrated, or have loss of appetite at the dose of 5 - 10cc. Will increase appetite and water intake.
Recipe: 1 part molasses, 1 part corn oil, 2 parts kayro syrup (recipe courtesy of Coni Ross)


Active Ingredient(s): Propylene Glycol
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: days before slaughter for cattle
Goat Notes: Use for treatment of and pregnancy toxemia. Although the suggested dosage is for twice daily, that is not adequate for treatment of advanced ketosis or toxemia. Ketosis needs to be treated a minimum of 4 times a day.
Dosage: give orally at the rate of 4 oz per 100 lbs., twice daily


Active Ingredient(s): Calcium
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: days before slaughter for cattle
Goat Notes: Used in the treatment of milk fever. Administer IV or intraperitoneally. Warm solution to body temperature and administer slowly. If administered to quickly could cause death. In minor cases give orally.
Dosage:


Active Ingredient(s): 50% Dextrose
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 0 days before slaughter for cattle
Goat Notes: Dextrose may be given orally to wake up chilled newborns (5cc warmed), can also be used to treat pregnancy toxemia and ketosis. Also can be given orally to any animal that is dehydrated. If given IV warm solution to body temperature prior to administration.
Dosage: 2 - 8 oz depending on condition and administration route.


Active Ingredient(s): Probiotics
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 0 days before slaughter for cattle
Goat Notes: Make sure the probiotics you purchase are made from live viable cultures. Probiotics are indicated whenever there is a chance a goat will become acidic. Use after illness, worming, stress, birth, or antibiotics. Can be mixed with dextrose, and B vitamins to make a drench.
Dosage: See label instructions.


Active Ingredient(s): Fortified B Complex
Availability: OTC
Withdrawal: 0 days before slaughter for cattle
Goat Notes: Purchase a good quality "fortified" B Complex. Look and compare labels for quantities of B vitamins. Can be given orally. If you have a suspect case of polio and thiamin is unavailable 10-20cc fortified B complex can be substituted until thiamin can be obtained. The B vitamins are water soluble and excess is quickly removed from the body. Store in a cool dark place.
Dosage: 3cc orally as indicated.

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